Gout; It is an inflammation that causes pain, swelling and tenderness in the joints.
In gout, known as rheumatic disease, the leg joints (foot, ankle and knee) are the most affected places. It is called joint inflammation.
WHAT IS GOUT
Some substances in the protein are converted into uric acid and excreted from the body. The problem that occurs in the excretion or excess production of uric acid causes this acid to accumulate in the blood and body. Inflammation occurs with the accumulation of uric acid in the joints. This inflammation problem is defined as “gout disease”.
CAUSES OF GOUT
- It is an increase in uric acid and its accumulation in the blood and tissues.
- It is a problem in the excretion of uric acid or a malfunction in its excretion from the kidneys.
- High blood pressure, obesity and diabetes trigger gout.
- diuretic drugs
- chronic kidney disease
- Hereditary factors
- Some congenital diseases
- old age factor
- using alcohol
- cigarette use
STAGES OF GOUT
- ACUTE ATTACK
- INTERCRITIC PERIOD
- CHRONIC GOUT
- TOPHUS GOUT
SYMPTOMS OF GOUT
- Pain and swelling in the joints
- Pain attacks
- Tenderness and swelling of the big toe
- finger deformity
- strain on joints
Drugs that reduce the increase in uric acid are treated with drugs used to reduce pain and attacks. It is necessary to consume plenty of fluids, not to consume alcohol, to lose weight, and not to eat protein-rich foods. Foods such as brain, red meat, kidney, liver, sardines, anchovies cause an increase in uric acid. Gout patients should not consume it. Surgery is rarely performed in case of infection in gout.