Dermatology Specialist Dr. Instructors drew attention to the fact that sunburns experienced more than once in childhood increase the risk of skin cancer in the future.
In studies, it has been observed that the risk of developing melanoma type skin cancer, which is a very dangerous type of cancer, increases approximately 2 times in people who have had sunburn more than 5 times, especially with blisters. Although the awareness of sun protection in the society has increased in recent years compared to previous years, sunburns are seen as a result of incomplete or incorrect application of sunburns, especially in children.
STAY AWAY FROM THE SUN BETWEEN 10:00 AND 16:00
Stating that ultraviolet rays coming from the sun and reaching the earth are called ultraviolet A (UVA) and ultraviolet B (UVB), Dr. Instructor Members, “The longer wavelength UVA reaches the deeper layers of the skin and is mainly responsible for sun-induced skin aging. UVB, on the other hand, has a shorter wavelength but is stronger, responsible for sunburns. Both types of UV rays increase the risk of skin cancer. Sunburns due to unprotected UVB exposure, especially before the age of 18, pose an increased lifetime risk of skin cancer. he said.
Underlining that the SPF (sun protection factor) value, which has been very popular in recent years and shows the protection against UVB, is very important in the prevention of sunburns. Instructor Members, “In daily use, the 15 SPF value found in moisturizers and various cosmetic products blocks approximately 93 percent of the sun’s rays and is sufficient in closed areas. On the other hand, at 30 SPF and 50 SPF values, which are recommended to be used especially when spending time outdoors or swimming, 95 percent and 97 percent protection are provided, respectively. Although sunscreen is used, the World Health Organization recommends avoiding the sun at 10:00 and 16:00, when the sun’s rays are most intense in summer. used the phrases.
SUN PROTECTOR CAN BE APPLIED TO BABIES OVER 6 MONTHS
Emphasizing that sunscreens should be applied in sufficient quantities, experts shared the following information: “In an adult, 2 fingers (a line on the index and middle fingers) should be used for the face and neck areas, and up to 6 teaspoons of sunscreen should be used for the body. Ears, lips, feet, neck and especially the scalp in men should not be forgotten. Sunscreens should be reapplied every 2 hours, after swimming or sweating. It should be noted that the preservative is broad-spectrum effective against UVA and UVB. It should be noted that UVA rays can also pass through glass and clouds. Since UVB does not penetrate glass and cloud, skin burns are not expected indoors or in the shade, but there is still a risk of photo-aging and skin cancer due to UVA.”
Experts added that sunscreen can be used after babies are 6 months old. “Babies younger than 6 months should be kept in the shade as much as possible. Apart from sunscreens, both adults and children can effectively protect the face and eyes with wide hats and quality sunglasses. It is recommended for children to choose clothes that are protected against UV when they spend time outside in the summer months. said.
Emphasizing that sunscreens consist of chemical or physical filters, Sayar said that a dermatologist should be consulted when choosing the type of sunscreen.
PROTECTIVES MUST BE SELECTED ACCORDING TO SKIN TYPE
Experts stated that different sunscreens should be preferred according to different age groups, skin structure and pregnancy status. “While mineral filtered (physical) sunscreens are preferred for children and pregnant women, chemical filters can be preferred for acne-prone and oily skin. Chemical, that is, organic filters absorb sunlight, convert it to heat and release it. Mineral or physical protectors, on the other hand, form a barrier on the skin, allowing the sun’s rays to be reflected. The way the sunscreen is used also varies according to the filter structure of the sunscreen. Chemical filter sunscreens should be applied to our face before other products and at least 15-20 minutes before going out in the sun. Mineral filter sunscreens should be applied after other products, or just before going out into the sun. Sunscreens can contain both types of filters together.”
Dr. Instructor Members shared the following information about not paying attention to the precautions and what to do in case of sunburn: “To reduce the heat as soon as possible, a warm shower should be taken, after the shower, the skin should be dried softly to leave it slightly moist, and a moisturizer should be used. In order to prevent water loss, plenty of water should be drunk and hydrocortisone creams should be applied morning and evening for the first few days. Aspirin and similar painkillers can be taken after the doctor’s control to reduce the complaints. If blisters have occurred, a 2nd degree burn has developed, you need to consult your doctor immediately without touching the water bubbles.