Technologies used in the construction and operation of passenger planes and other aircraft have developed so much that flying continues to strengthen its position as the world’s most reliable and comfortable means of transportation. However, many passengers cannot avoid being stressed during their journey because they do not know the features of the planes that aim to make a safe and comfortable journey. We want to share 10 of these features, especially for those with a fear of flying.

They are resistant to lightning strike

Passenger airplanes are made to be resistant to lightning strikes. Statistics show that every plane is struck by lightning at least once a year (or every 1,000-hour flight window). The electrical charge of lightning flows over the aircraft and does not cause serious damage to the aircraft. As a matter of fact, there has not been a passenger plane crashed or severely damaged by lightning strikes since 1963.

There is no such thing as a “safer seat” on an airplane

According to a 2015 review by Time magazine, those sitting in the middle seats at the back of the plane were slightly less likely to die in an accident than those sitting in other sections. However, almost all national and international official institutions, especially the American Aviation Administration, say that many factors are valid in accidents, and therefore, a particular seat group cannot be indicated in order to survive in the event of an accident. In the meantime, it is worth mentioning; crashes of passenger planes are extremely rare.

Some planes have hidden bedrooms for flight crew

On long flights, cabin attendants can work up to 16 hours. In order to avoid excessive fatigue and health problems, giant passenger planes such as Boeing 777 and 787 Dreamliners have tiny cabins where officers can take a nap. These are usually low-ceilinged, 6-10-bed bar and toilet compartments, which are accessed by a narrow and hidden staircase.

Tires don’t burst on landing

Aircraft tires are designed to handle incredible weights (up to 38 tons) and not burst. In addition, the pressure of airplane tires filled with nitrogen gas instead of air is about 6 times the pressure of normal automobile tires. Airplanes without the need to change the tire 274 kilometers per hour quickly at least 500 times They can land hard on the runway. Today, however, airline companies change the tires when the number of landings and take-offs is between 200-300.

Why are cabin lights turned off during landing?

If airplanes are to land in the dark at night, the cabin lights are turned off when they land, and only the ground guide lights remain on. The reason for this is to ensure that the eyes of the passengers are accustomed to the dark beforehand, in the unlikely event that an aircraft needs to be evacuated in an emergency. Imagine that in a bright cabin, when there are fifty obstacles in the corridor, you are suddenly asked to turn off the lights and proceed to the exit as quickly as possible; Can you fuck it almost blind?

One engine is enough to fly

Of course, it’s a frightening thought if one of your plane’s engines malfunctions during the flight. But rest assured, a single engine is enough for a passenger plane to keep flying. Of course, the fuel efficiency and range of the plane decreases, but with a single engine, it can stay in the air for hours until a fully equipped airport nearby. Many countries, especially the USA and EU, are looking for a certification called ETOPS (Extended-range Twin Operations) for long-haul, especially transoceanic flights. For example, the Boeing Dreamliner with the ETOPS-330 rating can fly for 330 minutes (ie 5.5 hours) with a single engine. The ratings vary according to the aircraft models and the lines they are used in.

Why is there a small hole in airplane windows?

To help stabilize cabin pressure. Most airplane windows consist of three panels, usually made of acrylic. The inner panel is to prevent the other two important layers to be damaged against the effects of passengers coming from inside. The outer two panels in the window are designed to accommodate the difference between the cabin pressure and the air pressure. In fact, the outer window pulls the main load, and the middle window is not under much pressure. That’s what that tiny “breathing hole” provides. If anything happens to the outer window, the middle window will take over and there will be no sudden changes in cabin pressure thanks to the breathing hole. The breathing hole also absorbs the moisture formed in the air space between the panels and prevents the formation of condensation and ice on the window.

Oxygen masks can only provide oxygen for 15 minutes

We know well from the safety instructions on the plane that if there is a sudden drop in cabin pressure, oxygen masks hang from the ceiling and we have to wear them quickly and use them. What we do not know is that these masks can supply oxygen for a maximum of 15 minutes. But there is no need to be afraid, because this time is quite enough. When there is a sudden pressure drop in the cabin for any reason, the pilot has to lower the plane below 10 thousand feet (3 thousand meters). Under the altitude of 3,000 meters, passengers can breathe without the need for an oxygen mask. It takes only a few minutes for the plane to land below this altitude.

What do the tiny triangles just above their middle seat mean?

Airplanes have tiny black or red triangles on the left and right walls. Next time you find those triangle stickers and look out the window just below. You will see that these triangles show where the wing of the airplane begins and ends. It may not be a big deal for you, but cabin crew or pilot can quickly find that they can look out the window when they want to check the conditions such as freezing on the wings during flight.

Why is there an ashtray in the toilet?

It has been years since smoking was banned in public transportation vehicles, especially on airplanes. Still, you may have noticed that some airplanes have small ashtrays in their toilets today. Of course, this does not mean that you can smoke on the plane; After all, smoking in the toilet has serious penalties. However, according to the flight safety regulations, it is necessary to take precautions against the possibility of causing a fire by throwing their butts in the trash cans of people who want to take two or three breaths in the toilet, risking the aforementioned heavy penalties. The easiest way to do this is, of course, an ashtray. It is worth repeating; Smoking in the aircraft’s toilet can carry heavy penalties, such as fines, imprisonment and a lifetime ban from passenger aircraft.

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